Are you considering purchasing an electric car? The acquisition of a charging structure, faster and more secure than a simple household outlet, is fully justified. In this file, we will see the different solutions available to you.
Are you considering the purchase of an electric car, but you have questions about charging? This is normal, and if you buy a new car, the dealers regularly offer solutions, in collaboration with specialized companies, to install an adequate charging structure in your garage. But if you buy a used car, you yourself will have to contact a specialized company to assist you in installing your structure. We are therefore going to see, through this file, what are the charging solutions available to you, their costs, and the steps to be taken.
What types of terminals can I install at home?
Charging a car on a classic household outlet, like the one where you plug in your toaster, it is quite possible. Except, depending on the capacity of the battery, it will take you dozens of hours, in the best case, to recharge. Besides the problem of charging time, there is also that of security. And obviously, according to a survey conducted in the United Kingdom by the consumer protection association “Electrical Safety First” among 1,500 owners of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles, nearly three out of four owners charge their vehicle with cables. extension cord unsuitable for their home.
Car manufacturers provide the charging cables to connect the car to a household outlet. These cables are fitted with protection allowing the electrical panel to be tripped in the event of overcurrent.. They are also made to protect the car and the person handling the cable, but they are not always able to protect the outlet in case of overheating, especially if the electrical installation in the house is old.
Likewise, charging your electric vehicle by connecting its charging cable to a standard extension cord to reach the vehicle is not really recommended since these elements are not designed to pass such a high intensity. This can lead to an increased risk of electric shock, and even fire.
And as stated above, recharging your electric vehicle from a domestic outlet can take several tens of hours with a capacity of 2.3 kW (10 A). To give you a little idea, on a Peugeot e-208, recharging its 50 kWh battery to more than 80% can take up to 26 hours. To gain in ease of use, and especially in safety, the acquisition of a dedicated structure is more appropriate.
The reinforced grip
The first solution, which is not the most optimal, but which will do much better than a standard plug, is the reinforced plug. The connector is still the same as on a conventional outlet, but the reinforced outlets are designed to be able to deliver 3.2 kW at 14 A for several hours on a daily basis. They are safer, and must be equipped with a suitable differential circuit breaker.
To take the example of our Peugeot e-208, on a reinforced outlet, recharging the battery from 50 kWh to more than 80% will take approximately 16 hours. This solution is sufficient for minimal use of his electric car, although the charging time may be a little too long for daily use.
It is the most comfortable and safest solution for recharging your car at home. With a Type 2 charging cable, also supplied with the car (or optional for the meanest manufacturers), you can therefore power your car via a more secure installation thanks to protections installed upstream of the charging station, at the electrical panel. In addition, thanks to a standard protocol, the charging station and the car can “communicate” and start or stop the charge. To be more concrete, in the event of an overcurrent at the terminal, for example, the car stops charging.
Home charging stations are available in 7.4 kW (32 A) single-phase current and 11 kW (16 A) or 22 kW (32 A) three-phase current. Again, this affects the recharge time. Still with our Peugeot e-208, recharging on a 7.4 kW Wallbox will take approximately 10 hours, 5:30 on a terminal of 11 kW and approximately 3 hours on a 22 kW structure. Do not look for more than 22 kW and a so-called “fast” recharge at home, that does not exist, for obvious technical and safety reasons.
How much does it cost ?
As you might expect, the reinforced socket is obviously the cheapest secure charging solution, both for purchase and installation. This outlet is installed by an electrician and the intervention takes about an hour. The price of the reinforced grip alone costs a little less than 100 euros. For a ready-to-install Green’up Access set, for example, including the surface-mounted socket, the coat hook and the differential circuit breaker, it is necessary to count 240 euros, excluding installation costs.
Several companies are specialized in the installation of Wallbox, it takes between 500 and 1500 euros, depending on the charging power. Some stations are even connected with a Bluetooth function in order to start recharging, stop it, or even monitor it, remotely, via your smartphone. Some companies offer rental contracts from 20 euros per month.
Are there purchasing and installation aids?
For the purchase and installation of a charging station, the finance law for 2021 extends the flat-rate premium which succeeded the tax credit for the energy transition, to tenants or occupants free of charge as well as to the ‘installation in a second home. And in collective housing, other aids exist. So, whether you own, rent or occupy your main or secondary residence free of charge, you can benefit from a tax credit for the purchase of a charging station and its installation in your garage or in the parking lot of your building.
For expenses made since 1is January 2021 and until December 31, 2023, the tax credit system is maintained regardless of your income level. This credit is up to 75 % the price of the equipment, within the limit of 300 euros, installation costs included per charging system and limited to one device for a single person and two terminals for a couple. This device now also concerns installations in a main residence, but also in a secondary residence.
For collective housing, there is also aid. This tax credit can be combined with Individual Solution assistance from the Avere Advenir program, which is reserved for collective housing facilities. The installer and the electrical equipment must have the Advenir label. The power of the charging stations must be less than or equal to 22 kW and must be equipped with an energy control system. For individual use, an individual with a parking space or a private owner can obtain help from 50 % cost with a ceiling of 960 euros. The premium request is made on the site advenir.mobi.
How to install an electric terminal?
As stated above, when you buy a new 100% electric car, the manufacturers are associated with companies and thus put you in touch to arrange an appointment and a quote for the installation of a reinforced outlet. or a Wallbox. If you live in a detached house, you do not need to obtain a specific authorization to install a charging station on your property. You just need to make an estimate to assess the condition of your electrical installation.
On the other hand, it is essential to tell your property manager if you live in a condominium, although he cannot normally object to the installation. Since the law on energy transition of 2011, each co-owner benefits from a “right to take”, which authorizes him to benefit from a recharging system or to have one installed at his own expense. Do not hesitate to consult our file specifically dedicated to the installation of a terminal in co-ownership in order to have all the necessary details.
Who are the main suppliers?
In recent years, the list of suppliers / installers of charging stations has grown considerably. Here are some companies specializing in the advice and installation of charging stations.
- Borne Recharge Service (BRS)
- Solutions terminals
- Elec ‘Car by Engie
- Izi by EDF
- Pulse by Lafon
- Total Direct Energy