Tuesday, April 13

How to download and install Windows 10 on your computer

Have you just received a new computer and want to install Windows 10 on it? Or you want to do a new clean install of the operating system to start from scratch. Here are our tips on how to download and install Windows 10 properly.

You have finally received your PC, a personalized configuration, all assembled by you. Or you have a PC on which you would like to properly reinstall Windows 10. Here are our tips for easily downloading and installing Windows 10.

Find your Windows 10 license

Before installing Windows 10, we must consider the case of its user license. Several scenarios can arise.

If it is to reinstall Windows 10 on a machine where the system has already been installed, the license will be associated with the machine’s motherboard and with your Microsoft account if it was used for the connection to the session. In principle, therefore, no problem for the system to be reactivated automatically after reinstallation.

If your machine is running Windows 7 or Windows 8, in this case it is better to go through a free system update to Windows 10.

Finally, if your machine did not have an associated license, this is the case for a freshly mounted desktop PC for example, you will have to buy a license. Windows 10 is not a free OS, unlike many Linux distributions. Microsoft bills its operating system according to different editions, two of which are dedicated to individuals.

  • Family : for 145 euros, it’s the basic version of Windows, the one that will suit the greatest number
  • Professional : for 259 euros, we end up with the family version accompanied by new features dedicated to security or productivity management

Microsoft has dedicated a page to compare the two editions and see which one suits you the most. But for a typical installation for a personal computer, the Home Edition will do the trick. Beware of licenses sold at very low prices, these are at best sold keys that cheat with Microsoft’s terms of use, or at worst scams that will not activate the system.

Depending on the license purchase bias, Microsoft will offer you to have in addition to the license code a USB key or DVD containing all the components necessary to install the system. If you don’t want an extra dongle or DVD, you can also just grab the license code to activate Windows and create an installation DVD or USB key yourself, it saves the waste of hardware (the planet you will thank).

Create your Windows 10 installation USB key

Microsoft offers a tool to create your own installation USB key for Windows 10. Using this software, you can make a USB key or DVD to burn that you already have with you become like a key or a DVD that Microsoft offers you when purchasing a license. First of all, you must have a clé USB de minimum 8 Go or one DVD to burn, a Internet connection and one Windows computer.

Be careful, your USB key must be formatted to become an installation USB key, so remember to save your data if you have any on it. The DVD to be burned must be blank.

The tool is available on the Microsoft website, download it, open it and accept the terms of use.

The software then offers two options:

  • Upgrade this PC
  • Create installation media

Choose the second option to continue creating the key. After having selected it, it will be necessary to set up certain parameters of the Windows which will be installed such as the language or the architecture, between 32 or 64 bits. In our case we will install Windows 10 in French with a 64-bit architecture. Find out which architecture will work best for your processor. In the overwhelming majority of cases today, this should be 64-bit.

Then choose the medium to use: USB key or DVD. Depending on your choice, the rest of the setup will change a bit.

For installation on DVD:

Choose option File ISO and click Next. Select a folder on your computer where the ISO file will be created.

The software will then download Windows 10 from Microsoft’s servers. Depending on the quality of your network, the download time may vary. On a Wi-Fi connection with fiber, the whole thing (download + verification of the ISO by the software) lasted only 6 minutes (2 minutes of download, 4 minutes of verification).

Then click on Open the disc burners, insert your DVD and click Engrave. Let the software do its job and voila, your installation DVD is created.

For installation on USB key

Choose option USB Flash Memory Disk and click Next. Select the USB stick which will become the installation medium.

The software will then download Windows 10 from Microsoft’s servers. Depending on the quality of your network, the download time may vary. On a Wi-Fi connection with fiber, the whole thing (download + verification of the download by the software + copy on the USB key) lasted only 8 minutes (2 minutes of download, 6 minutes of verification and copy on the key ).

The software then tells you that the key is ready. You just have to remove it from the computer and move on to the next step.

Install Windows 10 on the computer

When you have created your installation DVD or USB key, insert it into your computer and turn it on. The computer should then run directly on the media. If this is not the case, you must access the Boot Menu or to BIOS. The key combination to perform when starting the computer depends on the brand. So check on the internet which key you will need to hold.

In our case, we are using a Dell computer, we will press the F2 key.

On the menu, choose to access the USB key and the program should launch next. When you get to the Windows installer, you must first choose the region settings such as language, time zone, or keyboard type. We then move on to serious matters by pressing Install now.

Enter your product key and accept the license agreement. Select disk on which Windows will be installed (if your configuration includes several disks, we recommend that you install it on the one that is faster, such as an SSD: the system will boot faster).

The installer will then copy and install the necessary components on your computer. Let it restart and go to the last big step.

Configure Windows 10 after installation

After the installation is complete, there is one last step: configure Windows. You can now remove the key or DVD from the computer since everything will be done from your hard drive.

The software poses some basic questions like the country where you are or the keyboard language. We go to network configuration where you will be asked to connect to Wi-Fi (if you have an Ethernet cable plugged into your computer, the step will be skipped automatically).

You are asked to enter your Microsoft account, you cannot bypass this request easily. If you do not have an account, or do not want to use it, the best is to disconnect the machine from the network (cut its Wi-Fi, and unplug the possible Ethernet cable), so that Microsoft suggests the creation of a local account.

The password became mandatory and is supposed to replace the password with Windows Hello. The classic password will be that of your Microsoft account. Note that by using the Microsoft Authenticator mobile app, you can bypass your Microsoft account password completely.

It’s over soon, it remains to configurer Cortana, the Windows personal assistant. Similar to Google Assistant or Amazon Alexa, it will help you plan certain tasks, search for information, etc. It works either via text or with voice. It is up to you to choose whether you want Microsoft to be able to record it (your voice recordings can be found on the company’s servers).

Finally, we must also say whether we accept that Microsoft uses our location data and computer use. More surprising: Microsoft also wants to collect handwritten data to understand our way of writing, etc. He also asks if you want targeted advertising or not.

And there you have it, after several minutes of waiting, accepting or refusing the conditions of use of data, the installer gives us and configures the last parameters himself. After a few minutes you will finally have your computer running Windows 10.

Your operating system is installed, all you have to do is customize it to your liking by installing your favorite software, changing the wallpaper, etc.

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